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Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

tives. Of these pregnancies, 60 were terminated in abortion, yielding an abortion rate of 203 per 1,000 pregnancies.
The Latin American Center of Demography (CELADE) conducted fertility surveys (40) in 1964 to compare the prevalence of abortion, contraception effectiveness, pregnancy rates, and family size among ever-married women in several Latin American cities. The surveys yield further evidence that induced abortion is a popular method for achieving and maintaining a small family size. As indicated by the findings presented in Table 8, the abortion rate per 1,000 pregnant women is highest in cities where the average family size is low and where the percentage of contraceptive users is relatively high. Stressing motivation to limit family size as the crucial underlying factor of both contraceptive use and abortion practice, Requena maintained that the highly motivated women practice contraception and, when this fails, induce abortion.
TABLE 8
Fertility, Contraception, and Abortion Characteristics of Ever-Married Women in Latin American Capitals, 1964
			Pregnancy	Abortion	
	Average		Rate	Rate per	Live Births
	Number	Level of	per 1,000	1,000	per 1,000
	Children	Contraceptive	Woman-	Pregnant	Woman-
City	per Woman	Effectivenessa	Years	Women	Years
Mexico City	3.27	13.75	237	155	201
Bogota	3.16	21.80	226	117	200
San Josd	2.98	27.15	207	161	173
Caracas	2.97	27.40	207	163	173
Panama	2.74	-	186	211	162
Rio de Janeiro	2.25	-	147	141	126
Buenos Aires	1.49	41.75	84	246	63
aLevel of contraceptive effectiveness was computed by adding the percent of women using effective contraceptives in each city and the percent who used ineffective contraceptives multiplied by 0.50.
Source: (40, Table 1, p. 790).
THE CONSEQUENCES OF SUPPRESSING ABORTION
If resort to induced abortion on a large scale is forcibly suppressed and there are no highly effective contraceptive programs to compensate, the transition from high to low fertility will be retarded. Individuals may nevertheless choose to practice provoked abortion outside the law and under unsanitary conditions, with many attendant risks to maternal health and family2.8 to 5.6. The average differ-e between actual and desired family size for the eight areas investigated was 1.2;cent of the sample explained that the ideal family size had been reached; only 12.7 percent gave illness as the reasononomic, and demographic changes gains momentum. In societies in which modernization factors have intensified desires to limit family size, while the availability and acceptance of effective contraceptive methods are limited, there are numerous implications for induced abortion.